There are professions that require a high degree of responsibility and strict handling of confidential information. This applies, for example, to journalism, law, medicine and, among others, psychology.
Professional secrecy has a different scope in each profession, “depending on the radius of closeness that it has regarding the right to personal and family privacy and the control of the State over them,” said Karen Suárez, Adalid’s lawyer.
They are obliged to keep professional secrecy in everything that, due to the exercise of their profession, they have seen, heard or understood.
Unlike confidentiality duties, professional secrecy is maintained even in court. Thus, a journalist is never obliged to reveal the source of his information, even if the Government itself requires it.
Professional secrecy is known by exercising a certain profession or activity. In this sense, it is a right and a duty to enforce it. Otherwise, the trust of the clients -or of those who come to the services of the professional- can be lost and the prestige can go to the ground.
Sources may entrust information to journalists, who must not make their names public.
This confidentiality “is born from a relationship of trust between the professional and his client regarding the matters that are the object of their relationship,” added Suárez.
According to the Constitutional Court of Colombia, the success of the management entrusted to a professional cannot be assured if the person who requires their services does not fully know the details of this situation.
You must know all the secrets of your client, but you must not divulge them to the authorities.
And the Constitution, in its article 74, establishes: “All persons have the right to access public documents except in cases established by law. Professional secrecy is inviolable.
Paul Alexander Alzate
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