58.7% of companies have difficulties in filling certain vacancies, according to the latest report from Infoempleo Adecco. The companies declare that they find it difficult to find candidates for two main reasons: some high salary expectations (35.48%) and, on the other, lack of certain experience and/or technical skills (33.16%). What are organizations looking for when they ask for certain technical skills or hard skills?
What do technical skills consist of and what differentiates them from the rest?
Competencies are the skills that someone acquires during the course of their life. Facing and resolving situations of all kinds that are repeated in different circumstances goes creating a backpack of knowledge that grows and develops as they accumulate.
Throughout life competencies are acquired (and many are lost due to lack of use) as experience is added to the CV. Those skills can be technical, basic or transversal.
The technical skills are those associated with a specific trade or profession. It is basically about accumulating knowledge in the sense that one is competent, able to use certain essential tools to meet the daily performance required by a specific activity.
Thus, the technical skills, which are also called hard skills, by its meaning in English, are essential for the specific work in an area and that this work be executed effectively. Depending on the degree of knowledge requested in the since the professional profile will be more or less technical.
the skills basic Are the necessary to carry out the bulk of the professions in the world of work. They are usually acquired during compulsory training. We refer to skills such as knowing how to read and write, basic calculation operations, knowledge of office automation and the Internet. These skills also include know how to access the job market and know the sector in which you want to work.
the skills transverse are those that are needed for function in work situations under different circumstances. They are common to almost all jobs, although some of them have special importance for one in particular and, therefore, what is learned in one can be applied in the others. We refer to skills such as communication with clients and with the work environment, teamwork, responsibility for the task or initiative.
Areas with greater difficulties in finding associated technical competences
According to the same report, the areas within the companies in which the greatest difficulties there to find people with a good technical profile are the commercial (28.8%), TIC (25.6%) and engineering and production (19.5%).
Among the most demanded technical skills in commercial departments is that of knowledge of sales techniques, that is, knowing how to apply different strategies depending on the objective to be achieved, or mastering different effective communication procedures, such as commercial or advertising writing or managing different customer service systems.
In the area of technology, information and communication (ICT), departments that are becoming increasingly important in companies due to the growing incorporation of automation processes. The Technical skills most in demand are those related to cybersecurity, with knowledge in cryptography and secure communication protocols, the big data, with skill in pattern discovery in data mining, Web Analytics for the implementation of business intelligence or the cloud computing.
Regarding the engineering and production part, since they are more specific departments, the competences cannot be generic and each organization will look for the most technical profiles in your specialty.