The NATO countries have announced that they will strengthen their defense against Russian military activities on Ukraine’s borders. Moscow accuses the West of “exacerbating” tensions.

French President Emmanuel Macron will propose “a path of de-escalation” in the Ukrainian crisis to his Russian counterpart Vladimir Putin during an interview “in the next few days“, announced Monday, January 24 the Elysée. “We are concerned, we are also very careful not to create ambiguity, additional volatility (…) The President think there is space for diplomacy, for de-escalation“, she added, while the noises of boots multiply around Ukraine. In this context, Ambassador Pierre Vimont, special representative of Emmanuel Macron for Russia, will travel to Moscow on Tuesday, said the Elysée. France, Germany, Russia and Ukraine will hold a meeting on Wednesday in Paris on Ukraine at the level of diplomatic advisers, she also said.

These statements follow a NATO statement announcing the establishment of standby forces, ships and combat aircraft in Eastern Europe in the face of Russian military activities on Ukraine’s borders. “NATO will continue to take all necessary measures to protect and defend all Allies, including strengthening the eastern part of the Alliance. We will always respond to any deterioration in our security environment, including by strengthening our collective defense“, explained NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg. For its part, Washington has placed 8,500 soldiers on alert who could be deployed among NATO troops.

Announcements that made the Kremlin react. “Tensions are exacerbated by the announcements and concrete actions of the United States and NATOspokesman Dmitry Peskov told reporters, denouncing a “hysteria“in Europe before also judging”very high» the risk of an offensive by Kiev against pro-Russian separatists in Eastern Ukraine. “Indeed, the Ukrainian authorities concentrate a considerable level of forces and means on the border with the republics” Pro-Russian separatists, said Dmitry Peskov, believing that this situation “suggests the preparation of offensive actionsfrom Kyiv. “All this leads to a situation where tensions increase“, he continued, before adding that “the aggressive atmosphere“current in Europe was”a reality“.

SEE ALSO – Ukraine: Antony Blinken says Western allies will have an answerunited» against Russia

France “ready to send troops to Romania»

Denmark is sending a frigate to the Baltic Sea and is preparing to deploy four F-16 fighter jets to Lithuania to support NATO’s longstanding air policing mission in the region“, says the NATO press release. “Spain sends ships to join NATO naval forces and plans to send fighter jets to Bulgaria“, adds the press release. “France has declared itself ready to send troops to Romania under NATO command. The Netherlands is sending two F-35 fighter jets to Bulgaria from April to support NATO air policing in the region, and is putting a ship and ground units on standby for the NATO Response Force. NATO“, details the press release.

Since the illegal annexation of Crimea by Russia in 2014, NATO has strengthened its presence in the eastern part of the alliance, notably with four multinational battle groups in Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and Poland“recalls NATO. “These units, led by the United Kingdom, Canada, Germany and the United States respectively, are multinational and combat-ready.“, assures the Alliance. “Their presence clearly indicates that an attack against an Ally will be considered an attack against the whole Alliance“Warns NATO. There were no NATO forces in the eastern part of the Alliance before 2014, the statement said.

The United States has also made it clear that it plans to increase its military presence in the eastern part of the Alliance.“says NATO. The United States has placed up to 8,500 soldiers on alert who could be deployed, Pentagon spokesman John Kirby announced on Monday. “The number of troops that the Minister (of Defence) has placed on high alert is up to 8500 men, did he declare, stressing that no decision has been taken on the deployment of forces outside the United States at this time“. Corn “it is very clear“, he added, “that the Russians currently have no intention of starting a de-escalation“.

Up to 5,000 American soldiers could be sent to the Baltic countries, as well as warships and fighter jets, according to the New York Times.

Joe Biden will also have a “secure videoconferencewith several European leaders about the situation in Ukraine, the White House said. The American president must meet, since the “Location Roomwith European Commission President Ursula von der Leyen, Council President Charles Michel, French President Emmanuel Macron, German Chancellor Olaf Scholz, Italian Prime Minister Mario Draghi, NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg, Polish President Andrzej Duda and British Prime Minister Boris Johnson.

The European Union calls for avoidingnervous breakdowns »

The European Union, for its part, called on Monday evening to “avoid nervous breakdowns» and the alarmist reactions, through the voice of its head of diplomacy, Josep Borrell. “We know very well what the level of threats is and how to react. We must avoid playing with our nerves and alarmist reactions which even have financial consequences“, he warned after a meeting with EU foreign ministers in which the head of American diplomacy Antony Blinken participated by videoconference.

Europeans were surprised by the “dramatization” from the United States of the situation in Ukraine with the announcement of a Russian invasion “at any timeand the decision to remove the families of diplomats stationed in Kyiv. “The exchange of views with Antony Blinken was very useful in continuing to determine the way forward and a very close coordination“said Josep Borrell. “I don’t think there is anything new that can increase the feeling of fear of an immediate attack“, he estimated. “I think there is complete agreement between us, between the Member States, that this precautionary measure (taken by the United States) is not necessary“, he added.

The United States will now respond in writing to Russia’s requests. We have been consulted on this response“, he said. “If diplomacy fails, we are well advanced in preparing responses to possible Russian aggression and this will certainly be swift and determined action, with strong unity, not only within the European Union, but also at an international level“, he assured.

SEE ALSO – Ukraine-Russia: What is really happening on the ground

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