What are the missions of the computer graphics designer?

L’graphic designer (or graphic designer) creates visuals combining images, photos, text and video using computer tools. But’graphic designer is first and foremost an artist, a designer who knows how to handle pencil, gouache, chalk, colors and airbrush …

This does not prevent him from perfectly mastering software such as Illustrator, Photoshop or In Design… He makes drawings using graphic palettes, retouches and transforms photos and images. He assembles them on the same support, after having defined or applied a graphic charter.

Artist and technician at the same time

His fields of creation are very numerous and require diversified skills. Scenery modeling, for example, requires notions of volume, space and depth, while character animation requires a great sense of movement. The graphic designer can work in 2D or 3D for computer graphics for video games. His animation work is then carried out on a computer screen and requires the mastery of many software.

But the work of the computer graphics designer does not stop there. A good communicator, he must know how to maintain close relationships with many stakeholders: artistic director, webmaster, communications manager, etc.graphic designer must be able to assess the time and costs required to produce his product. Finally, he must regularly keep himself informed of the latest trends and techniques.

Skills / qualities needed to become a good graphic designer

Creative and artistic sense

- Mastery of drawing

- Mastery of programming tools and software (Director, Java, XML, HTML, Flash, Acrobat, Adobe Illustrator, Photoshop, etc.)

- Ability to work in a team

What studies to follow to be a graphic designer or a computer graphics designer? Which schools to choose?

Different post-Bac training courses prepare for graphic designer job : BTS or BUT in information and communication, possibly supplemented by a DSAA (higher diploma in applied arts) in a school of art and applied arts.

Private schools also provide specialized courses. The ICAN, Institute of Digital Creation and Animation in Paris offers, for example, a Bachelor in Web design and graphic communication, allowing the obtaining of a title recognized by the State at level 6, registered with the RNCP. Accessible after a Bac, this training allows students to combine the fundamentals of computer science and the fundamentals of graphic design.

Students follow their work-study training over three years. Julie, a 3rd year student in the Web Design and Graphic Communication Bachelor, is particularly fond of this rhythm: “ I integrated the Web design and graphic communication training after a gap year, in order to train myself in the web professions. The possibility of doing work-study programs from the first year oriented my choice towards the ICAN, even if finding a company without baggage was complex. The bachelor is accessible to beginners as well as to initiates, and allows you to learn and improve in many areas, both in design and web development. The speakers are professionals of the trade, who pass on their know-how with passion.

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Job opportunities for the computer graphics designer

The outlets are numerous: business communication services, advertising agencies, online trading companies, publishing houses, the newspaper industry, online games, but also cinema, television, etc. animation (animated film)… But the competition is tough. To start in the profession, graphic designers are most often recruited on fixed-term contracts or work freelance.

Manager, freelance … what professional developments are possible?

The graphic designer can evolve, after several years of experience, to a managerial position: artistic director or head of a creation workshop. He can also develop his own business.

What is the average salary of a graphic designer?

Basic remuneration varies; it is on average € 2,300 gross per month, at the start of the career. But a good creative in an agency can see their salary double in a year or two.

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Creative professions

This book analyzes the different sectors of creation (architecture, fashion, press, advertising, etc.) and the related professions. It provides an overview of training (address book included) and the secrets of a successful entry into working life.

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